The Facts About Credit Card Swipe Fees – A Broken, Anti-Competitive Market
• Visa and MasterCard together control 80% of the credit card market allowing them to dictate the amount of swipe fees that their member banks charge for each purchase. This kind of price-fixing is illegal in other parts of the economy, and should be here too.
• Credit card swipe fees keep going up and up – more than tripling since 2004 despite improvements in technology that should be driving costs down.
• Banks don’t compete for credit card business on the basis of price, and merchants can’t negotiate swipe fees. In fact, a merchant has no way of knowing what the fee will be for any particular transaction since the rate varies card by card.
The U.S. Pays the Highest Swipe Fees Per Transaction in the World
• In a transparent, competitive market, the advantages seen in the U.S. – economies of scale, strong technology and low fraud rates – would make swipe fees here lower than anywhere else. But, the anti-competitive actions of the dominant credit card companies have turned that upside down.
• U.S. swipe fees are 7 or 8 times higher than the standard European rate on each transaction.
• U.S. swipe fees are also more than 4 times larger than in Australia.
High Credit Card Swipe Fees Hurts Businesses, Consumers, and Our Economy
• In the U.S., banks take between 2 and 3 percent of every credit card purchase.
• The average profit margin for U.S. merchants is 1-3 percent. That means the swipe fees going to the banks equal or exceed the business owner’s profit on each transaction.
• This leaves merchants with two choices: they can either raise prices, which hurts their business, their customers and decreases consumers’ spending power, or they can absorb the higher fees, cutting into their already slim margins and reducing their ability to put money back into their businesses.
• Today, hidden swipe fees are costing average consumers hundreds of dollars a year – no matter how they pay for their purchases.
It’s Time to Fix What’s Broken and Reform the Market for Credit Card Swipe Fees
• Reducing swipe fees lowers the operating costs of merchant businesses across the country which helps keeps prices down.
• A report by Moody’s Investors Service concluded that because retailers and other merchants operate in highly competitive markets, they need to keep prices as low as possible to stay in business. While Moody’s conservatively projected that savings from debit swipe reform enacted in 2011 would counterbalance a normal rise in consumer prices, in fact, debit swipe reform’s enhanced emphasis on the ability to provide discounts and other benefits for cash, has resulted in lower prices and savings for consumers in a number of circumstances.
• Right now, many small business owners don’t even know the cost of each transaction because the system dictated by the credit card companies and the banks keeps fees hidden and remarkably complex. Currently, Visa has over 70 swipe fee categories while MasterCard has over 240 different categories.
• Transparency and competition in the market will help merchants lower prices, manage their businesses and plan for the future.
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Read an opinion article from IRA member Bill Liechsenring of the Ox Yoke Inn that appeared in the Des Moines Register.